Learning Targets



It is expected that students will:

  • Use standard procedures to create and maintain an engineering notebook.
  • Use guidelines for developing and maintaining an engineering notebook to evaluate and select pieces of one's own work for inclusion in a portfolio.
  • Describe the relationship between science, technology, engineering, and math.
  • Identify the differences between invention and innovation.
  • Operate as an effective member of a team to complete an investigation.
  • Describe engineering and explain how engineers participate in or contribute to the invention and innovation of products.
  • Describe impacts that technology has had on society.
  • Describe the design process and how it is used to aid in problem solving.
  • Describe the elements of design.
  • Recognize design criteria and constraints.
  • Describe the purpose and importance of working in a team.
  • Use the design process to solve a technical problem.
  • Apply the elements of design to the design process.
  • Explain a design brief and apply the concept when using the design process.
  • Operate effectively as a member of a team to complete a design project.
  • Use a decision matrix to select the best solution to a design.


  1. Why is it important for engineer to document their work in an engineering notebook?


    2. How are our lives impacted by engineers?

    3. What inventions and innovations do you think are essential to your life?

    4. How does the use of technology affect the way you live?

    5. How is a design process different than how you solved problems in the past?

    6. Why is brainstorming important when modifying or improving a product?

    7. Why do people work in teams when solving design problems?

    8. Why are design elements considered when engineers and designers invent or innovate a product?



It is expected that students will:

  • Describe the purpose of automation and robotics and its effect on society.
  • Summarize ways that robots are used in today's world and the impact of their use on society.
  • Describe positive and negative effects of automation and robotics on humans in terms of safety and economics.
  • Provide examples of STEM careers and the need for these professionals in our society.
  • Use ratios to solve mechanical advantage problems.
  • Use numerical and algebraic expressions and equations to solve real-life problems, such as gear ratios.
  • Use the characteristics of a specific mechanism to evaluate its purpose and applications.
  • Apply knowledge of mechanisms to solve a unique problem for speed, torque, force, or type of motion.
  • Know the seven technological resources and how they are integrated into an open- and closed-loop system.
  • Describe the purpose of pseudocode and comments within a computer program.
  • Know how to use ratio reasoning to solve mechanical advantage problems.
  • Design, build, wire, and program both open- and closed-loop systems.
  • Use motors and sensors appropriately to solve robotic problems.
  • Troubleshoot a malfunctioning system using a methodical approach.
  • Explain the roles and responsibilities of mechanical, electrical, and computer engineers who solve robotic problems.


  1. What limitations do you think should be placed on the use of robots?


    2. What type of robot do you think makes the most significant contribution to our lives today and why?

    3. What is the greatest concern that should be considered before converting a factory from a human workforce to a robotic workforce?

    4. What impact do you think robots will have on your life in 10 years and in 50 years?

    5. Why is it important for you to learn about mechanisms?

    6. What is the purpose of being able to change speed, force, torque, direction, and types of motion with a mechanism?

    7. Describe where you see mechanisms used in three real-life applications and explain the purpose of using a mechanism for that application.

    8. How does automation enhance our daily lives?

    9. How can you apply troubleshooting skills that you developed in this lesson to your daily life?

    10. How do comments improve a computer program?

    11. Why is good communication and teamwork important when solving technological problems?

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